Canada thistle regrowth control one year after herbicide application in winter wheat
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A field study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of several herbicides for long-term control of Canada thistle growing in winter wheat. Miscellaneous herbicides were applied at the five leaf stage of winter wheat in the presence of Canada thistle (30 plants per square meter). All herbicides gave effective control of Canada thistle top growth but did not increase yields compared to the weedy check. When Canada thistle control was evaluated one year after herbicide application, three of the nine treatments significantly reduced regrowth: 2,4-D amine at 840 g/ha, clopyralid + MCPA ester at 100 + 400 g/ha, and Clopyralid at 200 g/ha. These treatments reduced Canada thistle numbers by 58, 67, and 83 %, respectively. All herbicide treatments significantly reduced Canada thistle dry matter production one year after application as measured by shoot dry weight per square meter. Clopyralid at 100 g/ha in mixture with either 2,4-D or MCPA ester at 400 g/ha, and 2,4-D amine alone at 840 g/ha reduced dry weight of thistle shoots equally. Clopyralid at 200 g/ha was the most effective treatment tested; Canada thistle shoot dry weight per square meter was reduced by 93 % one year following treatment.
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