WHAT FACTORS DO MEDICAL RESIDENTS CONSIDER INFLUENTIAL WHEN BEING RECRUITED TO SECONDARY REFERRAL CENTRES?
Gieni, Kathy J.
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The purpose of this study was to determine what factors medical residents attending the University of Saskatchewan consider influential when being recruited to a regional or Secondary Referral Centre. Although there is a growing body of literature examining what factors are predictive of location choice and what factors are influential in recruiting physicians, almost all have concentrated on recruiting primacy care givers to rural or remote areas. The resulting popular literature on practice location, therefore, does not address regional hospitals located in cities of 30,000 to 70,000 and represents a rural or primacy care giver bias in terms of suggested recruiting strategies and incentive factors. The Nominal Group Technique (NGT) was used in thirteen group sessions with 62 medical residents in eleven different specializations. NGT was also used in a group based on year in training and a group based on gender. This technique identified the five most influential factors for each of the group sessions. The most important finding of this research showed that specialists groups prioritized the influential factors differently. The specializations of Anaesthesia and Medical Imaging ranked practice profile and workload as most influential factors while the specializations of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Pathology ranked workload as the second most influential factor. Community environment and access to recreational facilities were discussed by all specializations but were ranked as third to fifth in importance. These research findings were then used to suggest specific recruitment strategies for Secondary Referral Centres or Health Boards, Medical Colleges, and Government.