Genetic mapping of pre-harvest sprouting resistance loci in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
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Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the germination of mature grain while still in spike. PHS causes downgrading of grain quality which severely limits its end use. In western Canada, cool and wet weather during harvest makes the crops susceptible to PHS. Breeding for PHS tolerance in wheat is challenging on phenotypic basis because PHS is inherited quantitatively and strongly affected by environmental conditions. A mapping population of one hundred and fifty one doubled haploid (DH) lines from a cross between two spring wheat cultivars ND690 (non-dormant) and W98616 (dormant) was developed for genetic mapping of PHS resistance loci. Initially, 20 dormant and 20 non dormant lines were used for genetic mapping with SSR (Simple sequence repeat) and AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) markers. A total of 550 markers (300 SSR markers and 250 AFLP) markers have been mapped on different chromosomes. Five chromosomal regions on the chromosomes 1A, 3B, 4A, 5B and 6B associated with pre-harvest sprouting were identified in this study.
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