Design and implementation of a special protection scheme to prevent voltage collapse
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The trend of making more profits for the owners, deregulation of the utility market and need for obtaining permission from regulatory agencies have forced electric power utilities to operate their systems close to the security limits of their generation, transmission and distribution systems. The result is that power systems are now exposed to substantial risks of experiencing voltage collapse. This phenomenon is complex and is localized in nature but has widespread adverse consequences. The worst scenario of voltage collapse is partial or total outage of the power system resulting in loss of industrial productivity of the country and major financial loss to the utility. On-line monitoring of voltage stability is, therefore becoming a vital practice that is being increasingly adopted by electric power utilities. The phenomenon of voltage collapse has been studied for quite some time, and techniques for identifying voltage collapse situations have been suggested. Most suggested techniques examine steady-state and dynamic behaviors of the power system in off-line modes. Very few on-line protection and control schemes have been proposed and implemented. In this thesis, a new technique for preventing voltage collapse is presented. The developed technique uses subset of measurements from local bus as well as neighbouring buses and considers not only the present state of the system but also future load and topology changes in the system. The technique improves the robustness of the local-based methods and can be implemented in on-line as well as off-line modes. The technique monitors voltages and currents and calculates from those measurements time to voltage collapse. As the system approaches voltage collapse, control actions are implemented to relieve the system to prevent major disturbances. The developed technique was tested by simulating a variety of operating states and generating voltage collapse situations on the IEEE 30-Bus test system. Some results from the simulation studies are reported in this thesis. The results obtained from the simulations indicates that the proposed technique is able to estimate the time to voltage collapse and can implement control actions as well as alert operators.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering
SupervisorSachdev, Mohindar; Gokaraju, Rama
Copyright DateMarch 2012
Voltage Collapse, system parameter estimation, load shedding, time tovoltage collapse