REGION-COLOR BASED AUTOMATED BLEEDING DETECTION IN CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY VIDEOS
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Capsule Endoscopy (CE) is a unique technique for facilitating non-invasive and practical visualization of the entire small intestine. It has attracted a critical mass of studies for improvements. Among numerous studies being performed in capsule endoscopy, tremendous efforts are being made in the development of software algorithms to identify clinically important frames in CE videos. This thesis presents a computer-assisted method which performs automated detection of CE video-frames that contain bleeding. Specifically, a methodology is proposed to classify the frames of CE videos into bleeding and non-bleeding frames. It is a Support Vector Machine (SVM) based supervised method which classifies the frames on the basis of color features derived from image-regions. Image-regions are characterized on the basis of statistical features. With 15 available candidate features, an exhaustive feature-selection is followed to obtain the best feature subset. The best feature-subset is the combination of features that has the highest bleeding discrimination ability as determined by the three performance-metrics: accuracy, sensitivity and specificity. Also, a ground truth label annotation method is proposed in order to partially automate delineation of bleeding regions for training of the classifier. The method produced promising results with sensitivity and specificity values up to 94%. All the experiments were performed separately for RGB and HSV color spaces. Experimental results show the combination of the mean planes in red and green planes to be the best feature-subset in RGB (Red-Green-Blue) color space and the combination of the mean values of all three planes of the color space to be the best feature-subset in HSV (Hue-Saturation-Value).
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering
SupervisorWahid, Khan A.; Bui, Francis M.
CommitteeChen, Li; Zhang, Wenjun; Nguyen, Ha H.
Copyright DateJune 2014
Capsule Endoscopy, Support Vector Machine (SVM), feature selection, probability histogram, quantization