The analysis of the Sherwin Campbell site (EgOa-5) : an Old Women's Phase site of southwest Saskatchewan
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The Sherwin Campbell site (EgOa-5) is a partially disturbed habitation/processing site located 8.75km south of the town of Elrose, Saskatchewan. The site contains evidence of a single occupation within the time span of the Old Woman's Phase. In 1989, members of the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology from the University of Saskatchewan conducted extensive surface collections of this disturbed site. In total they collected 10,530 square meters, and retrieved 18,796 artifacts. Brief excavations of the site were also conducted during the summer of 2001. During this time period 29 test pits and one square meter were excavated, resulting in the discovery of 6,228 artifacts. In 2002, a detailed analysis of the lithic, faunal, and ceramic artifacts of this site provided a wealth of new archaeological information on this Old Woman's Phase site. Information including the use of the site during the months of May to late June, the reliance on bison within their subsistence economy, and evidence for different activity areas within the collected area such as marrow and grease rendering even though the site was disturbed. This report presents these results in greater detail.