Reliability/cost evaluation of a wind power delivery system
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Renewable energy policies, such as the Renewable Portfolio Standard, arising from increasing environmental concerns have set very ambitious targets for wind power penetration in electric power systems throughout the world. In many cases, the geographical locations with good wind resources are not close to the main load centers. It becomes extremely important to assess adequate transmission facility to deliver wind power to the power grid. Wind is a highly variable energy source, and therefore, transmission system planning for wind delivery is very different from conventional transmission planning. Most electric power utilities use a deterministic ‘n-1’ criterion in transmission system planning. Deterministic methods cannot recognize the random nature of wind variation that dictates the power generated from wind power sources. This thesis presents probabilistic method to evaluate the contribution of a wind power delivery system to the overall system reliability. The effects of site-specific wind regime, system load, transmission line unavailability, and redundancy on system reliability were studied using a basic system model. The developed method responds to the various system parameters and is capable of assessing the actual system risks. Modern power system aims to provide reliable as well as cost effective power supply to its consumers. Reliability benefits, environmental benefits and operating cost savings from wind power integration should be compared with the associated investment costs in order to determine optimum transmission facility for wind power delivery. This thesis presents the reliability/cost techniques for determining appropriate transmission line capacity to connect a wind farm to a power grid. The effect of transmission system cost, line length, wind regime, wind penetration and customer interruption cost on the optimum transmission line sizing were studied using a basic system model. The methodology and results presented in this thesis should be useful in transmission system planning for delivering wind power to a power system.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
CommitteeGokaraju, Ramakrishna; Dinh, Anh van; Boulfiza, Mohamed; Bolton, Ronald J.
Copyright DateMarch 2006
Power system reliability