SR-FTIR microspectroscopy as a tool for evaluating the digestibility characteristics of cereal grains fed to ruminants
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Dry matter, crude protein and starch degradation characteristics of one corn (Pioneer 39P78) and four barley grain varieties (CDC Bold, CDC Dolly, Harrington and Valier) were evaluated in two in situ nylon bag trials. Trial 1 compared ground and rolled treatments of Harrington barley and Pioneer 39P78 corn, whereas Trial 2 evaluated ground and rolled treatments of the four barley varieties. Rumen degradability characteristics were compared with analytical results from thermal- and synchrotron-source FTIRM. Infrared absorbance spectra were collected from corn and four barley varieties using thermal-source FTIRM on the mid-IR beamline at the Canadian Light Source, Ltd. (Saskatoon, SK). Synchrotron-source FTIRM spectral data was collected for corn, Harrington barley and Valier barley on the U2B mid-IR beamline at NSLS-BNL (Upton, NY). CHO:Amide I peak area ratios were compared to the in situ rumen degradation results to determine if FTIRM spectral data could be related to the rate and extent of rumen degradation, and if thermal- and synchrotron-source FTIRM yielded different results. A grain x processing method interaction (PCDC Dolly>Harrington>Valier) corresponded to increasing starch:protein ratio as estimated by chemical analysis. This relationship was reversed for corn and Harrington barley where corn had a higher starch:protein ratio yet slower rumen degradation kinetics. For both thermal- and synchrotron-source FTIRM, CHO:amide I peak area ratios were greater (P
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentAnimal and Poultry Science
ProgramAnimal and Poultry Science
SupervisorMcKinnon, John J.
CommitteeYu, Peiqiang; Christensen, David A.; Christensen, Colleen R.; Buchanan, Fiona C.
Copyright DateMay 2007