Oxidative stress-induced, peroxynitrite-dependent, modifications of myosin light chain 1 lead to its increased degradation by matrix metalloproteinase-2
Polewicz, Dorota Katarzyna
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Damage to cardiac contractile proteins such as myosin light chain 1 (MLC1), during oxidative stress is mediated by reactive oxygen species such as peroxynitrite (ONOO-), resulting in impairment of cardiac systolic function. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the increased level of ONOO- on MLC1 degradation by the proteolytic enzyme matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) during oxidative stress which ultimately decreases cardiac function. In the present study two distinct models were utilized to demonstrate the mechanism by which MLC1 is modified by ONOO- and how these post-translational modifications lead to its increased degradation by MMP-2. In a model of newborn hypoxia-reoxygenation in piglets we demonstrated that ONOO--induced nitration and nitrosylation of tyrosine and cysteine residues of MLC1 increase its degradation by MMP-2. Furthermore, we found nitration of a tyrosine residue located adjacent to the cleavage site for MMP-2. We verified these results by using a model of isolated rat heart myocytes to determine that the same mechanism responsible for cardiac dysfunction in newborn piglets occurs in isolated myocytes and that the MMP-2 involved in degradation of MLC1 is located within the myocytes. Moreover, we were able to determine that this mechanism occurs during ischemia itself before the onset of reperfusion. Furthermore, we have found that pharmacological intervention aimed at inhibition of MLC1 nitration/nitrosylation during ischemia by the ONOO- scavenger FeTPPS (5,10,15,20-tetrakis-[4-sulfonatophenyl]-porphyrinato-iron[III]), or inhition of MMP-2 activity with phenanthroline, provides an effective protection of cardiomyocyte contractility. The work presented here provides new evidence on the mechanisms of regulation of contractile proteins during the development of contractile dysfunction.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
CommitteeYu, Peter; Majewski, Marek; Richardson, Steven
Copyright DateJune 2010