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dc.contributor.advisorPredicala, Bernardoen_US
dc.creatorAsis, Daisy Abrahamen_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-07-08T12:18:09Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-04T04:42:55Z
dc.date.available2009-07-09T08:00:00Zen_US
dc.date.available2013-01-04T04:42:55Z
dc.date.created2008en_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.submitted2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-07082008-121809en_US
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of nanoparticles for reducing gas and odour emissions from swine manure slurry using three deployment methods: headspace gas filtration, mixing with manure slurry and spraying into the headspace of manure slurry. Filtering manure gas through the zinc oxide (ZnO) filter bed at a flow rate of 500 mL/min reduced ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and odour concentrations by 74 to 99%. Methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations of the filtered manure gas were decreased by 14% and 18%, respectively. Mixing ZnO into the manure slurry significantly reduced odour concentration by 79% and the hedonic tone was improved by 25% at one day after treatment application. Concentrations of CH4 and H2S were reduced by 54% and 98%; however concentrations of NH3 and nitrous oxide (N2O) were increased by 31% and 3%, respectively. Even though mixing of ZnO into the slurry influenced the gas and odour concentration, manure properties such as ammonia as N, TKN, P, K, S, Na, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn, Z, total solids, % moisture, pH and EC were not changed except for an increase of 0.2 in pH value. Spraying tungsten oxide (WO3) into the headspace of manure slurry decreased the odour and CO2 concentration by 31 and 10%, but the reduction was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Among the three deployment methods, filtration and mixing methods using ZnO were able to reduce NH3, H2S, and odour concentration. However, surface reactions between the manure gas components and nanoparticles should be investigated to increase the effectiveness of the treatment application. Likewise, knowing these reactions will facilitate the identification and manipulation of factors that influence the effectiveness of the deployment method. Economic, environmental and health assessment should be done to determine the feasibility and overall impact of using nanotechnology in reducing gas and odour emission to the swine industry.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectgas and odour emissionen_US
dc.subjectswine manureen_US
dc.subjectnanoparticlesen_US
dc.titleInvestigation of potential application of nanoparticles in reducing gas and odour emission from swine manure slurryen_US
thesis.degree.departmentAgricultural and Bioresource Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAgricultural and Bioresource Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Saskatchewanen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (M.Sc.)en_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US
dc.type.genreThesisen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberGuo, Huiqingen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberFonstad, Terrance A.en_US


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