New dynamic subgrid-scale modelling approaches for large eddy simulation and resolved statistical geometry of wall-bounded turbulent shear flow
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This dissertation consists of two parts, i.e. dynamic approaches for subgrid-scale (SGS) stress modelling for large eddy simulation and advanced assessment of the resolved scale motions related to turbulence geometrical statistics and topologies. The numerical simulations are based on turbulent Couette flow. The first part of the dissertation presents four contributions to the development of dynamic SGS models. The conventional integral type dynamic localization SGS model is in the form of a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. This model is mathematically consistent, but demanding in computational cost. An efficient solution scheme has been developed to solve the integral system for turbulence with homogeneous dimensions. Current approaches to the dynamic two-parameter mixed model (DMM2) are mathematically inconsistent. As a second contribution, the DMM2 has been optimized and a modelling system of two integral equations has been rigorously obtained. The third contribution relates to the development of a novel dynamic localization procedure for the Smagorinsky model using the functional variational method. A sufficient and necessary condition for localization is obtained and a Picard's integral equation for the model coefficient is deduced. Finally, a new dynamic nonlinear SGS stress model (DNM) based on Speziale's quadratic constitutive relation [J. Fluid Mech., 178, p.459, 1987] is proposed. The DNM allows for a nonlinear anisotropic representation of the SGS stress, and exhibits a significant local stability and flexibility in self-calibration. In the second part, the invariant properties of the resolved velocity gradient tensor are studied using recently developed methodologies, i.e. turbulence geometrical statistics and topology. The study is a posteriori based on the proposed DNM, which is different than most of the current a priori approaches based on experimental or DNS databases. The performance of the DNM is further validated in terms of its capability of simulating advanced geometrical and topological features of resolved scale motions. Phenomenological results include, e.g. the positively skewed resolved enstrophy generation, the alignment between the vorticity and vortex stretching vectors, and the pear-shape joint probability function contour in the tensorial invariant phase plane. The wall anisotropic effect on these results is also examined.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
SupervisorBergstrom, Donald J.
CommitteeSumner, David; Smolyakov, Andrei I.; Reeves, Malcolm J.; Dolovich, Allan T.; Bugg, James D.; Balachandar, S.
Copyright DateJune 2004
Large Eddy Simulation