Repetitive Operation of the University of Saskatchewan Compact Torus Injector
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Development of fueling technologies for modern and future tokamak reactors is essential for their implementation in a commercial energy production setting. Compared to the presently available fueling technologies, gas or cryogenic pellet injection, compact torus injection presents an effective and efficient method for directly fueling the central core of tokamak plasmas. Fueling of the central core of a tokamak plasma is pivotal for providing efficient energy production. The central core plasma of a reactor contains the greatest density of fusion processes. For consistent and continuous fueling of tokamak fusion reactors, compact torus injectors must be operated in a repetitive mode. The goal of this thesis was to study the feasibility of firing the University of Saskatchewan Compact Torus Injector (USCTI) in a repetitive mode. In order to enable USCTI to fire repetitively, modifications were made to its electrical system, control system and data acquisition system. These consisted primarily of the addition of new power supplies, to enable fast charging of the many capacitor banks used to form and accelerate the plasma. The maximum firing rate achieved on USCTI was 0.33 Hz, an increase from the previous maximum firing rate of 0.2 Hz achieved at UC Davis. Firing USCTI in repetitive modes has been successful. It has been shown that the CTs produced in any given repetitive series are properly formed and repeatable. This is made evident through analysis of data collected from the CTs' magnetic fields and densities as they traveled along the injector barrel. The shots from each experiment were compared to the series' mean data and were shown to be consistent over time. Calculations of their correlations show that there are only minimal deviations from shot to shot in any given series.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentPhysics and Engineering Physics
ProgramPhysics and Engineering Physics
CommitteeBradley, Michael; Moewes, Alexander; Kasap, Safa; Degenstein, Doug