Aggregate merger activity and the business cycle
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This study examines macroeconomic and industry-level factors (with particular emphasis on the business cycle) on industry-level merger activity. In a sample of US mergers from 1979 to 2006, we find that industry level mergers are highly pro-cyclical. The business cycle has a positive and significant impact on both horizontal and non-horizontal mergers, even after controlling for other macroeconomic and industry-level effects. Although macroeconomic variables have similar effects on both horizontal and non-horizontal mergers, industry-level factors vary significantly between the two types of mergers. Horizontal mergers are much more aligned with neo-classical theories, while non-horizontal mergers are more affected by financing constraints and overvaluation. We also find that the determinants and financing preferences of industry-level mergers vary greatly across the business cycle stages, which suggests that the motivation for mergers changes in different economic conditions.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentFinance and Management Science
ProgramFinance and Management Science
SupervisorMishra, Dev R.; Mamun, Abdullah
CommitteeHaque, Mahfuzul; Racine, Marie