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dc.contributor.advisorColeman, L. C.en_US
dc.creatorRobertson, Benjamin Telferen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-18T09:17:02Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-04T05:01:34Z
dc.date.available2013-10-18T08:00:00Zen_US
dc.date.available2013-01-04T05:01:34Z
dc.date.created1980en_US
dc.date.issued1980en_US
dc.date.submitted1980en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-10182012-091702en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Big Fish River - Rapid Creek phosphatic iron formation, in the Richardson Mountains, Yukon, is a unique sedimentary deposit of lowermost Albian age. It had an unusual postdepositional history which led to the development of a spectacular phosphate occurrence. Strata were deposited in an environment without currents but of relatively shallow depth, probably just below storm-wave base. The deposit formed on the west side of the penecontemporaneous Cache Creek High. Fluctuations in sea level, tectonic instability, or a progradational sediment system caused coarsening-upward sequences capped by conglomeratic slump deposits in the lower part of the formation in the Rapid Creek area. The rest of the section in this area represents relatively stable conditions. In the Big Fish River and Boundary Creek areas, differential deposition of autochthonous minerals has resulted in gradational mudstone-shale couplets. Most rocks of the formation are texturally similar to other phosphate and iron deposits. They are broadly categorized as shale, mudstone, siltstone and sandstone. They are composed of four basic components: pellets and granules, detrital quartz grains, skeletal fragments, and siderite matrix. Mixed phosphate-siderite pellets (as well as granules) and matrix constitute a spectrum from sandstone to mudstone and comprise the major part of the formation. The rocks were originally composed of detrital quartz and clay minerals and autochthonous siderite, pyrite, and a mixed Ca-Fe-Mg phosphate of uncertain identity. Metamorphism altered the phosphate minerals and remobilized the siderite. In non-pelletal phosphate mudstone, the primary Ca-Fe-Mg phosphate is altered to carbonate-apatite, which occurs together with siderite as pseudomorphs in star-shaped concretionary bodies. In coarser-grained rocks, the primary Ca-Fe-Mg phosphate is altered to satterlyite ((Fe,Mg)2 P04 (OH)) which in turn is altered to arrojadite (K(Na,Ca)5 (Fe,Mn,Mg)14 Al(OH,F)(PO4)12). Gormanite-souzalite ((Fe,Mg)3 (Al,Fe)4 (P04)4 (OH)6 •2H2O) is a common alteration (or replacement) in both. The four major epigenetic, fracture-filling mineral associations are categorized by the persistent occurrence or dominance of one or two characteristic elements in one or more minerals. They are related to particular host rocks: Ca-rich association with phosphate mudstone, Ba-rich with conglomeratic slump deposits, Fe-Mg-rich with siderite sandstone, and Na-bearing with phosphate sandstone. Simple mineral associations (three minerals, or fewer) are related to particular host rocks or represent local accumulations of a restricted number of elements. The mineralization in the Big Fish River and Boundary Creek areas is largely confined to spherulitic recrystallized replacements of ammonites and pelecypods. Moreover, concretionary phosphate nodules are present. The minerals in both comprise pyrite, wolfeite ((Fe,Mg)2PO4(0H)), satterlyite, maricite (NaFeP04), vivianite-baricite ((Fe,Mg) 3(P04)2•8H20), varulite ((Na,Ca)(Mn,Fe)2(P04)en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleStratigraphic setting of some new and rare phosphate minerals in the Yukon Territoryen_US
thesis.degree.departmentGeological Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeological Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Saskatchewanen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (M.Sc.)en_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US
dc.type.genreThesisen_US


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