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dc.contributor.advisorTanaka, Takujien_US
dc.creatorHu, Kekeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-13T11:17:36Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-04T05:08:20Z
dc.date.available2010-11-19T08:00:00Zen_US
dc.date.available2013-01-04T05:08:20Z
dc.date.created2009-11en_US
dc.date.issued2009-11-01en_US
dc.date.submittedNovember 2009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-11132009-111736en_US
dc.description.abstractThree residues, Phe190, Leu193 and Val302, which have been proposed to define the S1 site of prolidase of Lactococcus lactis NRRL B-1821 (L. lactis prolidase), may limit the size and polarity of specific substrates accepted by this enzyme (Yang, S. I., and Tanaka, T. 2008. Characterization of recombinant prolidase from L. lactis changes in substrate specificity by metal cations, and allosteric behavior of the peptidase. FEBS J. 275, 271-280). These residues form a hydrophobic pocket to determine the substrate specificity of L. lactis prolidase towards hydrophobic peptides, such as Leu-Pro and Phe-Pro, while little activity was observed for anionic Asp-Pro and Glu-Pro. It is hypothesized that the substrate specificity of L. lactis prolidase would be changed if these residues are substituted with hydrophilic amino acid residues individually or in combinations by site-directed mutagenesis (SDM). In addition to the changes in substrate specificity, other characteristics of wild type prolidase, such as allosteric behaviour and substrate inhibition may receive influences by the mutations (Yang & Tanaka, 2008). To test this hypothesis, mutations were conducted on these three residues at the S1 site. Mutated L. lactis prolidases were subsequently analyzed in order to examine the roles of these residues in the substrate specificity, allosteric behaviour, pH dependency, thermal dependency and metal dependency of prolidase. The results showed the significant changes in these kinetic characteristics of single mutants, such as L193E, L193R, V302D and V302K and double mutants, L193E/V302D and L193R/V302D. Leu193 was suggested to be a key residue for substrate binding. The mutants L193R, V302D, L193R/V302D and L193E/V302D lost their allosteric behaviour, and the substrate inhibition of the wild type was no longer observed in V302D and L193E/V302D. The results indicated Val302 to be more important for these properties than other S1 site residues. Moreover, together with the observations in molecular modelling of the mutants, it was proposed that interactions of Asp302 with Arg293 and His296 caused the loss of allosteric behaviour and substrate inhibition in the V302D mutant. The investigations on the pH dependency suggested that His296 acted as proton acceptor in L. lactis prolidase's catalysis. It was expected that the electrostatic microenvironment surrounding His296 was influenced by the charged mutated residues and side chains of dipeptide substrates, thus the protonation of His296 was affected. It was suggested that the introduced positive charge would stabilize the deprotonated form of His296 thus to maintain the activities of the mutants in more acidic condition compared to wild type prolidase. The study of thermal dependency revealed that all non-allosteric prolidases had higher optimum temperatures, suggesting that the loss of allosteric behaviour resulted in more rigid structures in these prolidases.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectAllosteric Behaviouren_US
dc.subjectHydrophobicityen_US
dc.subjectProlidaseen_US
dc.subjectStructure-Function Relationshipsen_US
dc.titleThe contributions of S1 site residues to substrate specificity and allosteric behaviour of Lactococcus lactis prolidaseen_US
thesis.degree.departmentApplied Microbiology and Food Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineApplied Microbiology and Food Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Saskatchewanen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (M.Sc.)en_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US
dc.type.genreThesisen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberVujanovic, Vladimiren_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSanders, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberQiu, Xiaoen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberNickerson, Mikeen_US


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