Modulation of Kir6.1 channels heterologously expressed in HEK-293 cells by nicotine and acetylocholine
Hanna, Salma Toma
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ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) channels were first described in the cardiac muscles. KATP channels are a complex of regulatory sulphonylurea receptor subunits and pore-forming inward rectifier subunits such as Kir6.1. Nicotine, an exogenous substance, adversely affects cardiovascular function in humans. Acetylcholine (ACh) is well known as a key neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system. ACh effects are usually related to binding to muscarinic receptors and stimulating second messengers that relay and direct the extracellular signals to different intracellular destinations, resulting in modulated cellular activity. We hypothesize that nicotine and ACh may modulate Kir6.1 channels via different mechanisms. Using the whole cell patch-clamp technique, the interactions of nicotine and ACh with Kir6.1 subunit permanently expressed in Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK-293) cells as well as the underlying mechanisms were studied. Non-transfected HEK-293 cells possess an endogenous K+ current with current density of –3.2 ± 1.4 pA/pF at –150 mV (n = 9). Stable expression of Kir6.1 subunits cloned from rat mesenteric artery in HEK-293 cells yielded a detectable inward rectifier KATP current (-23.9 ± 1.6 pA/pF at –150 mV, n = 6). In the presence of 0.3 mM ATP in the pipette solution, nicotine at 30 and 100 µM increased the expressed Kir6.1 currents by 42 ± 11.8 and 26.2 ± 14.6%, respectively (n = 4-6, p
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
CommitteeSulakhe, Prakash; Gopalakrishnan, Venkat; Fisher, Thomas E.; Desautels, Michel; Anand-Srivastava, M.
Copyright DateDecember 2004