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Investigation in modeling a load-sensing pump using dynamic neural unit based dynamic neural networks



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Because of the highly complex structure of the load-sensing pump, its compensators and controlling elements, simulation of load-sensing pump system pose many challenges to researchers. One way to overcome some of the difficulties with creating complex computer model is the use of “black box” approach to create an approximation of the system behaviour by analyzing input/output relationships. That means the details of the physical phenomena are not so much of concern in the “black box” approach. Neural network can be used to implement the black box concept for system identification and it is proven that the neural network have the ability to model very complex behaviour and there is a well defined set of neural and neural network structures. Previous studies have shown the problems and limitations in dynamic system modeling using static neuron based neural networks. Some new neuron structures, Dynamic Neural Units (DNUs), have been developed which open a new area to the research associated with the system modelling.The overall objective of this research was to investigate the feasibility of using a dynamic neural unit (DNU) based dynamic neural network (DNN) in modeling a hydraulic component (specifically a load-sensing pump), and the model could be used in a simulation with any other required component model to aid in hydraulic system design. To be truly representative of the component, the neural network model must be valid for both the steady state and the transient response. Due to three components (compensator, pump and control valve) in a load sensing pump system, there were three different pump model structures (the pump, compensator and valve model, the compensator and pump model, and the “pump only” model) from the practical point of view, and they were analysed thoroughly in this study. In this study, the DNU based DNN was used to model a “pump only” model which was a portion of a complete load sensing pump. After the trained DNN was tested with a wide variety of system inputs and due to the steady state error illustrated by the trained DNN, compensation equation approach and DNN and SNN combination approach were then adopted to overcome the steady state deviation. It was verified, through this work, that the DNU based DNN can capture the dynamics of a nonlinear system, and the DNN and SNN combination can eliminate the steady state error which was generated by the trained DNN. The first major contribution of this research was in investigating the feasibility of using the DNN to model a nonlinear system and eliminating the “error accumulation” problem encountered in the previous work. The second major contribution is exploring the combination of DNN and SNN to make the neural network model valid for both steady state and the transient response.



Load-sensing pump, Dynamic Neural Unit, Modeling



Master of Science (M.Sc.)


Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical Engineering


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