ESTABLISHMENT OF CARINATA MEAL AS A PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT FOR BEEF CATTLE.
The objective of this research was to evaluate the value of carinata meal (CRM) relative to canola meal (CM) when fed alone or in combination with wheat-dried distillers grains with solubles (WDDGS) on the performance of growing and finishing beef steers and rumen fermentation, total tract nutrient utilization, omasal flow and N efficiency of growing beef heifers. The first trial involved a 97-d backgrounding (BK) trial that used 360 calves (321.8 ± 0.10kg) assigned to one of 12 pens. Diets compared CRM relative to CM at two dietary inclusion levels (7.5 and 15% DM basis). The second trial was a finishing trial using 250 crossbred steers (418.7 ± 0.48 kg) assigned to 25 pens with five treatments: CRM (4.8% DM), CM (6% DM), WDDGS (6.2% DM), and CRM (2.7% DM) + WDDGS (2.7% DM) or CM (3% DM) + WDDGS (3% DM). Trial three designed as a Latin square, used 4 rumen-cannulated heifers (385.8 ± 27.95 kg) that were fed a barley-based BK diet supplemented with CRM (9.24% DM); CM (9.97% DM); CRM (4.98% DM) + WDDGS (5.03% DM) or CM (4.98% DM) + WDDGS (5.03% DM). In Trial 1 and 2, there were no differences (P > 0.05) between treatments for final shrunk BW or ADG, DMI and G:F. In trial 2, cattle fed CM had heavier hot carcass weights and a greater dressing percentage (DP) than those fed CRM diets. In Trial 3, apparent digestion of N tended (P = 0.09) to be greater for CRM and CM diets relative to WDDGS diets. The inclusion of WDDGS increased (P = 0.04) N truly digested in the rumen, and decreased ruminal non- ammonia nitrogen (NAN) flow. No treatment differences (P > 0.05) were noted in total bacterial NAN flow or in microbial efficiency. Carinata meal is equal to CM as a protein source for beef cattle without affecting performance, rumen fermentation, total tract nutrient utilization, and N efficiency. However, HCW and DP were greater in cattle fed CM relative to those fed CRM. There was no benefit to adding WDDGS as a rumen undegradable protein source.
carinata meal, canola meal, wheat-dried distillers’grains with solubles, feedlot, performance, carcass characteristics, rumen fermentation, omasal flow, microbial protein synthesis, digestibility
Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Animal and Poultry Science