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Aggregate merger activity and the business cycle

Date

2008

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

ORCID

Type

Degree Level

Masters

Abstract

This study examines macroeconomic and industry-level factors (with particular emphasis on the business cycle) on industry-level merger activity. In a sample of US mergers from 1979 to 2006, we find that industry level mergers are highly pro-cyclical. The business cycle has a positive and significant impact on both horizontal and non-horizontal mergers, even after controlling for other macroeconomic and industry-level effects. Although macroeconomic variables have similar effects on both horizontal and non-horizontal mergers, industry-level factors vary significantly between the two types of mergers. Horizontal mergers are much more aligned with neo-classical theories, while non-horizontal mergers are more affected by financing constraints and overvaluation. We also find that the determinants and financing preferences of industry-level mergers vary greatly across the business cycle stages, which suggests that the motivation for mergers changes in different economic conditions.

Description

Keywords

business cycle, merger waves, acquisitions, mergers

Citation

Degree

Master of Science (M.Sc.)

Department

Finance and Management Science

Program

Finance and Management Science

Citation

Part Of

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DOI

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