Repository logo
 

ADSORPTION OF CIPROFLOXACIN FROM WATER BY ADSORBENTS DEVELOPED FROM OAT HULLS

Date

2018-05-25

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

ORCID

Type

Thesis

Degree Level

Masters

Abstract

Water contamination with antibiotics is a serious threat for human health as the presence of antibiotics in water can cause antibiotics resistance in pathogens. Ciprofloxacin (CIP) is one of the most frequently detected antibiotics in water. Adsorption has shown to be one of the promising methods for removal of antibiotics from water. Although a number of adsorbents were investigated previously for removal of CIP from water, precursors in use were expensive, and scarce in some parts of the world. As such, development of adsorbents made of abundantly available and inexpensive raw materials, which can simultaneously offer high CIP adsorption capacity, is needed. In this work, for removal of ciprofloxacin (CIP) from water, adsorbents were developed from raw oat hulls. Raw oat hulls were pretreated by using phosphoric acid impregnation and microwave heating, respectively. Surface morphology and surface area of raw and pretreated oat hulls were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and surface area analysis, respectively. Results indicated substantial enhancement in adsorbents’ porosity and remarkable increase in surface area after the pretreatment procedure. Effects of influential parameters such as solution pH, adsorbents dose and temperature on CIP adsorption capacity were studied. Results revealed that the optimum adsorbents dose was 0.3 mg/L and the optimum pH value was 7. CIP adsorption equilibrium and kinetic were investigated at three temperatures of 288, 298 and 318 K. The results were modeled using adsorption isotherms, and kinetic models. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained was 83 mg/g at the pH of 7 and a temperature of 318 K. The Freundlich model was the best to simulate the experimental data at all the three temperatures among the tested models. This suggested that adsorption of CIP took place on heterogeneous sites on the surface of the adsorbents. The pseudo second order model was the best fit to the kinetic data. This indicated that adsorption step may be the rate controlling mechanism of the process. Desorption experiments showed low desorption efficiency, hence implying strong interactions existing between CIP molecules and the adsorbent surface. Thermodynamic analysis revealed that CIP adsorption on pretreated oat hulls was spontaneous, endothermic along with an increase in entropy.

Description

Keywords

adsorption, waste water treatment, ciprofloxacin, pretreated oat hulls

Citation

Degree

Master of Science (M.Sc.)

Department

Chemical and Biological Engineering

Program

Chemical Engineering

Advisor

Citation

Part Of

item.page.relation.ispartofseries

DOI

item.page.identifier.pmid

item.page.identifier.pmcid