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Localized Spot Patterns for the Brusselator Reaction-Diffusion System

Date

2016-05-17

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Degree Level

Masters

Abstract

The Brusselator reaction-diffusion model characterizes dynamical processes of some reaction diffusion systems in chemistry, physics, biology, and geology. On the sphere, the solutions of the Brusselator system center on a discrete set of points. In this thesis, we study the system of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs) that describes the slow dynamics of localized spot patterns for the Brusselator model on the surface of a unit sphere. The DAE system is solved numerically using Matlab's ode15s function. The relationship between the equilibria of the DAE system and the set of elliptic Fekete points is studied. Precisely, solutions of DAE system are obtained from solving the elliptic Fekete optimization problem. The optimization problem is solved using the particle swarm optimization method. It is verified that for N=2,3,...,8 spots, the equilibrium spot configurations of the DAE system starting from a set of random initial points are elliptic Fekete points.

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Keywords

Brusselator model, Reaction-diffusion model, Differential-Algebraic equations, Elliptic Fekete points, Particle swarm optimization.

Citation

Degree

Master of Science (M.Sc.)

Department

Mathematics and Statistics

Program

Mathematics

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