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MECHANICAL METRICS OF THE PROXIMAL FEMUR ARE PRECISE AND ASSOCIATED WITH HIP MUSCLE PROPERTIES: A MAGNETIC RESONANCE BASED FINITE ELEMENT STUDY

Date

2020-03-17

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

ORCID

0000-0001-8817-3261

Type

Thesis

Degree Level

Masters

Abstract

Proximal femoral (hip) fractures are a life-threatening injury which affects 30,000 Canadians annually. Improved muscle and bone strength assessment methods may reduce fracture occurrence rates in the future. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has potential to assess proximal femoral bone strength in vivo through usage of finite element (FE) modeling. Though, to precisely assess bone strength, knowledge of a technique’s measurement error is needed. Hip muscle properties (e.g., lean muscle and fat area) are intrinsically linked to proximal femoral bone strength; however, it is unclear which muscles and properties are most closely associated with bone strength. This thesis is focused on MR-based FE modeling (MR-FE) of the proximal femur and surrounding muscle properties (e.g., hip abductor fat area, hip extensor muscle area). The specific objectives of this research were 1) to characterize the short-term in vivo measurement precision of MR-FE outcomes (e.g., failure load) of the proximal femur for configurations simulating fall and stance loading, and 2) explore associations between upper thigh muscle and fat properties (e.g., hip abductor fat area, knee extensor muscle area) with MR-FE failure loads of the proximal femur. In vivo precision errors (assessed via root mean square coefficient of variation, CV%RMS from repeated measures) of MR-FE outcomes ranged from 3.3-11.8% for stress and strain outcomes, and 6.0-9.5% for failure loads. Hip adductor muscle area and total muscle area correlated with failure load of the fracture-prone neck and intertrochanteric region under both fall and stance loading (correlation coefficients ranged from 0.416-0.671). This is the first study to report the in vivo short-term precision errors of MR-FE outcomes at the proximal femur. Also, this is the first study to relate upper-thigh muscle and fat properties with MR-FE derived failure loads. Results indicate that MR-FE outcomes have comparable precision to computed tomography (CT) based FE outcomes and are related to hip muscle area.

Description

Keywords

Proximal Femur, Finite Element, MRI, Bone strength, Osteoporosis

Citation

Degree

Master of Science (M.Sc.)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

Program

Mechanical Engineering

Advisor

Citation

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