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Composite power system well-being analysis

Date

1997-09-01

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Type

Degree Level

Doctoral

Abstract

The evaluation of composite system reliability is extremely complex as it is necessary to include detailed modeling of both generation and transmission facilities and their auxiliary elements. The most significant quantitative indices in composite power system adequacy evaluation are those which relate to load curtailment. Many utilities have difficulty in interpreting the expected load curtailment indices as the existing models are based on adequacy analysis and in many cases do not consider realistic operating conditions in the system under study. This thesis presents a security based approach which alleviates this difficulty and provides the ability to evaluate the well-being of customer load points and the overall composite generation and transmission power system. Acceptable deterministic criteria are included in the probabilistic evaluation of the composite system reliability indices to monitor load point well-being. The degree of load point well-being is quantified in terms of the healthy and marginal state indices in addition to the traditional risk indices. The individual well-being indices of the different system load points are aggregated to produce system indices. This thesis presents new models and techniques to quantify the well-being of composite generation and, direct and alternating current transmission systems. Security constraints are basically the operating limits which must be satisfied for normal system operation. These constraints depend mainly on the purpose behind the study. The constraints which govern the practical operation of a power system are divided, in this thesis, into three sets namely, steady-state, voltage stability and transient stability constraints. The inclusion of an appropriate transient stability constraint will lead to a more accurate appraisal of the overall power system well-being. This thesis illustrates the utilization of a bisection method in the analytical evaluation of the critical clearing time which forms the basis of most existing stability assessments. The effect of employing high-speed-simultaneous or adaptive reclosing schemes is presented in this thesis. An effective and fast technique to incorporate voltage stability considerations in composite generation and transmission system reliability evaluation is also presented. The proposed technique can be easily incorporated in an existing composite power system reliability program using voltage stability constraints that are constructed for individual load points based on a relatively simple risk index. It is believed that the concepts, procedures and indices presented in this thesis will provide useful tools for power system designers, planners and operators and assist them to perform composite system well-being analysis in addition to traditional risk assessment.

Description

Keywords

power system reliability, composite power systems, electrical engineering

Citation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Electrical Engineering

Program

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

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