Intensive Care Unit Competencies of New Nursing Graduates in Saudi Arabia, Nurse Educator and Preceptor Perspectives
The purpose of this study was to describe the competencies needed by nursing intern students as identified by their preceptors and nurse educators, who choose to work as registered nurses in intensive care units in Saudi Arabia. The research questions this study investigated were 1) what do nurse preceptors and nurse educators believe are the competencies for new graduates to allow them to work safely in an intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia, 2) what are the competencies they should possess at the end of their internships. 3) Is there a difference between nurse educators and preceptors in the perception of required or expected competencies of the nursing role in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU)? Through the Interpretive Description methodology, data were collected through interviews, the guide for which was developed based on the Canadian Association of Critical Care Nurses standards for critical care nursing practice. The data were analyzed to identify common themes. Themes for intensive care unit competencies included: 1) needed skill competencies; 2) development of knowledge application competencies; and 3) strategies for quality improvement. A notable aspect of this study was the finding that Saudi Arabia, there was agreement among participants that nursing intern students were not prepared to work in ICU immediately after their internship year. Building on participants’ responses, nursing intern students may acquire satisfactory preparation during their internship through continuous evaluation, consistent guidance, extended time period, and orientation. Consequently, it represents a significant contribution to enriching the nursing intern students’ internship outcomes as well as the literature in the context of Saudi Arabia and in advancing the nursing workforce in Intensive Care Units in Saudi Arabia.
Keyword 1, Intensive Care, Keyword 2, Nursing, Keyword 3, Nurse Educator, Keyword 3, Preceptor, Keyword 4, Perspective
Master of Nursing (M.N.)