A review of the effects of physical therapy on self-esteem in postpartum women with lumbopelvic dysfunction
PublisherJournal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC PEER REVIEWED
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This study sought to determine the impact of physical therapy for lumbopelvic dysfunction on self-esteem in postpartum women. Systematic searches were carried out in CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Medline (OVID), Cochrane, and Web of Science by a health sciences librarian using various combinations of subject headings and key words. A dual review process was used first to assess titles and abstracts and then to examine the full text. Conflicts were resolved through discussion or a third reviewer as needed. Dual data extraction was completed using a standardized collection form. Pairs of reviewers met to discuss conflicts. Data quality was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias Tool, the Joanna Briggs Critical Appraisal Tool, and the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme Checklist. Thirteen articles were included in the review. None of the articles assessed self-esteem specifically; however, each article assessed aspects of self-esteem (self-concept, self-efficacy, self-worth, depression, quality of life, general well-being, or physical function). All articles reported improvements in the selected outcome measures compared with baseline; two studies that compared two different physical therapy interventions found no significant differences between the interventions. To our knowledge, there is no literature explicitly evaluating self-esteem in postpartum women following physical therapy intervention for lumbopelvic dysfunction. Low self-esteem is shown to predict depression and anxiety; therefore, interventions that increase self-esteem may be useful in reducing the risk of depression.