DATA MIGRATION FROM STANDARD SQL TO NoSQL
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Currently two major database management systems are in use for dealing with data, the Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) also knows as standard SQL databases and the NoSQL databases. The RDBMS databases deal with structured data and the NoSQL databases with unstructured or semi-structured data. The RDBMS databases have been popular for many years but the NoSQL type is gaining popularity with the introduction of the internet and social media. Data flow from SQL to NoSQL or vice versa is very much possible in the near future due to the growing popularity of the NoSQL databases. The goal of this thesis is to analyze the data structures of the RDBMS and the NoSQL databases and to suggest a Graphical User Interface (GUI) tool that migrates the data from SQL to NoSQL databases. The relational databases have been in use and have dominated the industry for many years. In contrast, the NoSQL databases were introduced with the increased usage of the internet, social media, and cloud computing. The traditional relational databases guarantee data integrity whereas high availability and scalability are the main advantages of the NoSQL databases. This thesis presents a comparison of these two technologies. It compares the data structure and data storing techniques of the two technologies. The SQL databases store data differently as compared to the NoSQL databases due to their specific demands. The data stored in the relational databases is highly structured and normalized in most environments whereas the data in the NoSQL databases are mostly unstructured. This difference of the data structure helps in meeting the specific demands of these two systems. The NoSQL DBs are scalable with high availability due to the simpler data model but does not guarantee data consistency at all times. On the other hand the RDBMS systems are not easily scalable and available at the same time due to the complex data model but guarantees data consistency. This thesis uses CouchDB and MySQL to represent the NoSQL and standard SQL databases respectively. The aim of the iii research in this document is to suggest a methodology for data migration from the RDBMS databases to the document-based NoSQL databases. Data migration between the RDBMS and the NoSQL systems is anticipated because both systems are currently in use by many industry leaders. This thesis presents a Graphical User Interface as a starting point that enables the data migration from the RDBMS to the NoSQL databases. MySQL and CouchDB are used as the test databases for the relational and NoSQL systems respectively. This thesis presents an architecture and methodology to achieve this objective.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
CommitteeVassileva, Julita; Greer, Jim; Chen, Li
Copyright DateNovember 2013