Onion Lake Indian Residential schools 1892-1943
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This thesis compares two Indian Residential schools located on the Onion Lake reserve, forty-eight kilometres north of Lloydminster. The Roman Catholic Residential school and the Church of England Residential school were both established in 1892. From their modest beginning as day schools they became large institutions, each educating over one hundred Indian pupils. This comparative study examines the schools' ideologies, financial struggles, managements, rivalries, routines, and pupils. It includes sections on disease, curriculum, graduates, fires, federal and Church policies, as well as, reconstruction, maintenance, and inspections. Research on Indian education and residential schools reveals that the financial involvement of the federal government was generally inadequate and that despite many adversities, the Onion Lake Residential schools managed to survive for decades.