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Development of neural units with higher-order synaptic operations and their applications to logic circuits and control problems



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Neural networks play an important role in the execution of goal-oriented paradigms. They offer flexibility, adaptability and versatility, so that a variety of approaches may be used to meet a specific goal, depending upon the circumstances and the requirements of the design specifications. Development of higher-order neural units with higher-order synaptic operations will open a new window for some complex problems such as control of aerospace vehicles, pattern recognition, and image processing. The neural models described in this thesis consider the behavior of a single neuron as the basic computing unit in neural information processing operations. Each computing unit in the network is based on the concept of an idealized neuron in the central nervous system (CNS). Most recent mathematical models and their architectures for neuro-control systems have generated many theoretical and industrial interests. Recent advances in static and dynamic neural networks have created a profound impact in the field of neuro-control. Neural networks consisting of several layers of neurons, with linear synaptic operation, have been extensively used in different applications such as pattern recognition, system identification and control of complex systems such as flexible structures, and intelligent robotic systems. The conventional linear neural models are highly simplified models of the biological neuron. Using this model, many neural morphologies, usually referred to as multilayer feedforward neural networks (MFNNs), have been reported in the literature. The performance of the neurons is greatly affected when a layer of neurons are implemented for system identification, pattern recognition and control problems. Through simulation studies of the XOR logic it was concluded that the neurons with linear synaptic operation are limited to only linearly separable forms of pattern distribution. However, they perform a variety of complex mathematical operations when they are implemented in the form of a network structure. These networks suffer from various limitations such as computational efficiency and learning capabilities and moreover, these models ignore many salient features of the biological neurons such as time delays, cross and self correlations, and feedback paths which are otherwise very important in the neural activity. In this thesis an effort is made to develop new mathematical models of neurons that belong to the class of higher-order neural units (HONUs) with higher-order synaptic operations such as quadratic and cubic synaptic operations. The advantage of using this type of neural unit is associated with performance of the neurons but the performance comes at the cost of exponential increase in parameters that hinders the speed of the training process. In this context, a novel method of representation of weight parameters without sacrificing the neural performance has been introduced. A generalised representation of the higher-order synaptic operation for these neural structures was proposed. It was shown that many existing neural structures can be derived from this generalized representation of the higher-order synaptic operation. In the late 1960’s, McCulloch and Pitts modeled the stimulation-response of the primitive neuron using the threshold logic. Since then, it has become a practice to implement the logic circuits using neural structures. In this research, realization of the logic circuits such as OR, AND, and XOR were implemented using the proposed neural structures. These neural structures were also implemented as neuro-controllers for the control problems such as satellite attitude control and model reference adaptive control. A comparative study of the performance of these neural structures compared to that of the conventional linear controllers has been presented. The simulation results obtained in this research were applicable only for the simplified model presented in the simulation studies.



Pattern Classification, Neural Networks, Logic Circuits, Higher-Order Neural Units (HONU), Higher-Order Synaptic Operations, Quadratic Function and Satellite Attitude Control



Master of Science (M.Sc.)


Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical Engineering


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