Ovulation-inducing factor/nerve growth factor (OIF/NGF) : Immunohistochemical studies of the bovine ovary and the llama hypothalamus
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The overall objective was to elucidate the mechanism of action of ovulation-inducing factor/nerve growth factor (OIF/NGF) in the reproductive function of spontaneous and induced ovulators, using cow and llama as models. In Study 1, the dynamics of trkA, the high affinity receptor for OIF/NGF, were studied during periovulatory period in cows. Unilateral ovariectomies were performed by colpotomy on Days 2, 4 and 6 of the estrous cycle (Day 0= ovulation), and before and after LH administration. Ovarian samples were processed for immunofluorescent detection of trkA. The intensity and area of immuno-positive staining, and the proportion of immuno-positive cells in both the granulosa and theca layers were higher in dominant than in subordinate follicles (P<0.05). Dominant follicles displayed a different intracellular distribution of trkA from subordinate follicles. The number of positive cells was higher in the developing CL (Day 2 and 4) than in the mature or regressing CL (Day 6, Pre-LH, and Post-LH). In Study 2, the distribution of GnRH neurons in the hypothalamus was examined in female llamas (n = 4). Hypothalamic samples were processed for immunohistochemistry for GnRH. The distribution of GnRH neurons had no evident accumulation in specific hypothalamic nuclei. The majority of GnRH neurons were detected in the anterior and medio-basal hypothalamus (P<0.05). The GnRH neuron fibers were detected primarily in the median eminence and in the medio-basal hypothalamus. In Study 3, the relationship between trkA and GnRH neurons in the llama diencephalon was examined in llama brains (n = 4) obtained in Study 2. Samples were stained using double immunofluorescence. TrkA immuno-reactivity was present in most hypothalamic areas examined; the highest density was found in the diagonal band of Broca and the periventricular nuclei. A low percentage of GnRH cells (1%) showed immuno-reactivity to trkA. Close association between immuno-reactive cells (i.e., GnRH and trkA in the same microscopic field) was detected rarely (3/160 GnRH neurons). We concluded that: 1) the high affinity receptor for OIF/NGF is expressed in greater quantities in dominant than subordinate follicles and in the developing CL; 2) GnRH neurons of llamas are concentrated in the anterior and middle hypothalamus, in close relationship to the third ventricle; and, 3) expression of trkA receptors on GnRH neurons was rare, suggesting that the ovulatory effect of OIF/NGF is not via direct interaction with GnRH neurons.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentVeterinary Biomedical Sciences
ProgramVeterinary Biomedical Sciences
SupervisorAdams, Gregg P.
CommitteeSingh, Jaswant; Roger, Pierson A.
Copyright DateJanuary 2016
Ovulation-inducing factor (OIF/NGF), Nerve growth factor (NGF), Ovary, Bovine, Llama, Hypothalamus.